Reproductive system of the dog and cat part 1the female system. A cats teeth also play a role in digestion by tearing sharply at meats and other substances. The reproductive organs are located in the abdomen, and the mammary glands are located in two rows along the outside of the abdomen, running from the groin to the chest. The reproductive system is a collection of organs that work together for the purpose of producing life. Transcervical catheterisation was performed using a specially designed catheter. Structure and function of the male feline reproductive tract. Gross anatomy of the human female reproductive system 12. The labia majora enclose and protect the other external reproductive organs. The reproductive system is the part of the feline anatomy thats responsible for mating, copulation, pregnancy and birth. Since a cats diet in the wild consists primarily of the meat of other animals, the feline anatomy contains a digestive system that creates acids and enzymes appropriate for the breakdown of food and destruction of bacteria. On the diagram below of a frontal section of a portion of the female reproductive system, identify all indicated structures.
Both sexes have a pair of sexual organs or gonads ovaries or testes, the main functions of which are to produce eggs or sperm, respectively, and hormones. Below is information about the structure and function of the male feline reproductive tract. This manual is primarily for 4h members who have learned all the material in. All of these disciplines require basic knowledge, both as a tool and as an essential aid to a fundamental understanding of the principles of life in health and disease. Identify all indicated structures or portions of structures on the diagrammatic view of the male reproductive system below. The gonads and genital tract of cats merck veterinary manual. Reproductive system of the dog and cat part 2the male system. The lymphatic system also works with the cardiovascular system to return fluids that escape from the blood vessels back into the blood stream. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Reproductive diseases of female cat go pets america.
The ampullae are enlargements of the deferent ducts that open. The digestive system cat dog includes the mouth, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, intestine, pancreas, liver and gall bladder. Female cats, or queens, can produce 2 to 3 litters per year and can give birth to multiple kittens per pregnancy. The female cat s reproductive tract consists of the female genital organs including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, vulva, and mammary glands.
Reproductive system in dogs and cats natura petz organics. Pdf anatomical study of feral queens reproductive systems in. Structure and function of the female feline reproductive tract. Male reproductive tract an overview sciencedirect topics. Reproductive physiology of the female cat, with special reference to cervical patency, sperm distribution and hysterography.
As the standard theriogenology text for veterinary students, veterinary reproduction and obstetrics is also a great reference to keep postgraduation. Organsonchip models of the female reproductive system mdpi. This can be useful for recording information in an. Reproductive endocrinology a molecular approach pdf.
In rodents the ovarian bursa communicates with the peritoneal cavity via a small slitlike opening. The anatomy and histology of the female genital system in boophilus microplus are scarcely studied. The anatomy of domestic animals, 5th edition, sisson and grossman, wb saunders co. The gonads and genital tract of cats msd veterinary manual. Start studying anatomy of the urinary and reproductive system. The endocrine system interacts with many organs and bodily systems, and the adrenal and thyroid glands plays a major role in providing critical trace nutrient support to all glands and tissue. Review feline reproductive problems and challenges. Reproductive physiology of the female cat amandapetersen. Seasonally because the females reproductive system is active only during the breeding season. When the adrenals become stressed and fatigued, the liver, duodenum, kidneys and reproductive systems are affected, requiring a nutritional correction to. Sperm maturation is stimulated by the production and release of follicle stimulating hormone and testosterone. Readers digest book of the cat, edited by alice philomena rutherford, readers.
Feline reproductive system health how to articles from. Anatomy of the urinary and reproductive system flashcards. The 10th edition of this book has been thoroughly updated to include normal reproduction and reproductive disorders, as well as diseases in the common and less common domestic species dogs, cats, pigs, and horses as well as llamas, alpacas, and. Learn about topics such as how to calm a cat in heat, how to determine the sex of a kitten, how to deal with a female cat in heat, and more with our helpful stepbystep instructions with photos and videos. Aspinall ends her series on anatomy and physiology with articles on feline and canine reproductive systems. The gonads and genital tract of cats veterinary manual. Reproductive endocrinology a molecular approach modern reproductive biology encompasses every level of biological study from genomics to ecology, encompassing cell biology, biochemistry, endocrinology and general physiology. The latest in reproductive health spay surgery for dogs and cats a spay, also known as an ovariohysterectomy ovario hyster ectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on female dogs and cats.
The reproductive system is incredibly complex in both its anatomy and physiology, and all aspects must be considered when resolving reproductive problems. Cats are longday breeders, which means that increasing day length triggers an increase in reproductive hormone activity. The reproductive system of the cow can therefore be used as a general example. This thesis aimed to study reproductive physiology of the female domestic cat, focusing on the cervix, uterus and uterine tube during different stages of the oestrous cycle, after mating and under pathological conditions. We will tell you about the general structure of how the reproductive tract works in male cats, common diseases that affect the males reproductive tract and common diagnostic tests performed in male cats to evaluate the reproductive tract. Ovarian cyclicity induces considerable changes in morphology, physiology and function of the reproductive organs in animals. The male reproductive system has evolved to produce spermatozoa by a process of spermatogenesis, to secrete fluids which both aid the survival of the sperm and transports them into the female tract, and also to secrete the hormone testosterone which is essential in the development of male characteristics and patterns of behaviour.
Overview of the reproductive system reproductive system. Parts of the reproductive system the reproductive system of the female is very different from that of the male of the same species. The parts of the tract provide a receptacle in which the resulting embryos and, later, foetuses can receive nutrition, develop and grow, and a channel. The reproductive physiology of the female cat differs from that of many other domesticated species. Identify the female reproductive system structures described below. The non pregnant were further classified into reproductive systems with or without obvious pathological changes. Reproductive system of the dog and cat part 1 the female. The parts of the reproductive tract all play a part in these functions and in delivery of the sperm into the female tract, where they are able to fertilise the female ova. General body positioning terms allow us describe the position of a recumbent animal. Pathology of female reproductive system ovaries neoplastic diseases, cysts torsion, endometriosis, hemorrhagic corpus.
Learn everything you want about feline reproductive system health with the wikihow feline reproductive system health category. The cornell book of cats, 2nd edition, edited by mordecai siegal, villard, new york, revised 1997. Where is the female reproductive tract located in cats. Reproductive physiology of the female cat epsilon open archive. Readers digest book of the cat, edited by alice philomena rutherford, readers digest association ltd. Muscle fibers are within a connective tissue framework that is continuous with tendons. Schematic frontal view of the human female reproductive system. The anatomy of the cervix and cervical patency, 12.
Reproductive diseases of the female cat include prolonged anoestrus, nymphomania, pseudopregnancy, infertility, cystic hyperplasia, endometritis, chronic infections of the cervix and other diseases. The female reproductive system has evolved to produce ova from the. To understand the male reproductive system, one must know the external and internal structures, and the process of spermatogenesis sperm production including the physiologic pathway of the sperm cell. Female reproductive system ans 215 physiology and anatomy of domesticated animals i. The differences in the reproductive system between the sexes and among species are extensive. Anatomy of reproductive system in the cat david fankhauser. The anatomy of the bitch and queen are similar and any significant. The male reproductive tract, and the male gamete especially, present a unique challenge to the immune system. Pdf veterinary endocrinology and reproductive disorders. The female reproductive system has evolved to produce ova from the ovaries which are released and pass down the reproductive tract where they may be fertilised by sperm from the male animal. Epididymis the epididymis is a coiled tube connected to each testis and is responsible for the maturation, storage, and transportation of sperm cells. Provide an environment for the growth and nourishment of the developing fetus after fertilization. In the present paper, the general objective is to consider the female genital system of this tick. The testes are male gonads that produce sperm and male sexual hormones.
These illustrations should not be downloaded, printed or copied except for personal, noncommercial use. Theriogenology is the veterinary clinical specialty that deals with reproduction. During ejaculation, sperm are transported from the testes through the ductus deferens narrow tubes connecting the testicles to the urethra. Urogenital system of the cat the pictures in this section are reprinted with permission by the owner, hills pet nutrition, from the atlas of veterinary clinical anatomy. Reproductive system of the dog and cat part 2 the male. Reproductive anatomy and physiology columbia university. The deferent duct vas deferens originates from the epididymis and serves as a passageway for sperm to the urethra. Dystocia should be considered in any of the following situations. The male external structures are the penis and the scrotum a pouch which protects the testes. Reproductive disorders of female cats cat owners merck. Below is information about the structure and function of the female feline reproductive tract. Veterinary reproduction and obstetrics, 10th edition pdf. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
The human testis continuously produces highly differentiated sperm derived from a pool of spermatogonial stem cells at a level of productivity and complexity. Reproductive system the reproductive system is the part of the feline anatomy thats responsible for mating, copulation, pregnancy and birth. We will tell you about the general structure of the reproductive tract, how the reproductive tract works in female cats, common diseases that affect the female reproductive tract, and common diagnostic tests performed in female cats to evaluate the reproductive tract. The anatomy of the reproductive systems in the dog and the tomcat are similar and any significant differences are highlighted.1081 84 557 165 907 153 1191 334 753 1427 839 765 494 815 559 1385 25 312 1028 388 123 1240 941 132 231 403 1282 760 1324 444 1025 1009 1312 283 274 1500 825 462 1147 981 1219 1365 367 467 1053 1317 872