They are native in most countries of the world, especially in the tropics, where they are cultivated in every country, state, and province. It is a terrestrial plant widely distributed in temperature and tropical countries of the world. In this chapter, future outcomes of genomic research in cucurbitaceae family members have been intensely discussed. Many members of this family produce vegetables and fruits.
Compounds derived from nature have played a major role in drug discovery. A family of annual and perennial climbers or creepers, usually with tendrils and a rough indumentum. Expression analysis on melon mlo family genes and identification of. It is considered to be the second largest family of dicotyledonous plants. Sepals 48, in two isomerous whorls or 5 in one whorl, free or slightly united at the base, imbricate persistent. Well use this unwholesome humidity, this gross watery pumpion. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Bennett encyclopedia of life support systemseolss compound leaves are alternate. The role of the law is usually one of defining and enforcing rights and obligations of the individuals. Although most have old world origins whitaker and davis 1962, many species originated in the new world and at least seven genera have origins in both hemispheres esquinasalcazar and gulick 1983. What do you mean by family cucurbitaceae and explain its. Six plant families of economic importance david bogler.
The cucurbitaceae family commonly known as the gourd family is. Five species are grown worldwide for their edible fruit, variously known as squash, pumpkin, or gourd, depending on species, variety, and local parlance, a and for their seeds. When we analyse childrens social development and the influence of the family, peer and school on them it is important to know the basics of the theory of the social development. The cucurbitaceae is a moderately large plant family of about. Characteristics and economic importance of cruciferace brassicaceae february 5, 2018 author biology, botany 0 this family is commonly known as mustard family and following are the characteristics of mustard plant. Biology and utilization of the cucurbitaceae ebook, 2019. Another important factor at this age is the beginning of school life. Plants add organic matter to soil via fibrous roots.
Umbelliferae refers to the characteristic umbellate inflorescence. The very small 5merous flowers have an inferior ovary composed of 25 connate carpels. Cucurbita, cucumis, lagenaria, sechium melons, cucumbers, etc. The genera included in the family are of food, medicinal as well as useful for other purposes. Members of the family are annual or perennial herbs native to temperate and tropical areas and include cucumbers, gourds, melons, squashes, and. Economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b. Plants of this family have many medicinal and nutritional benefits. Family cucurbitaceae has long played important role in economic affairs of man. The members are chiefly inhabitants of tropical regions. Pdf the family cucurbitaceae includes a large group of plants which are. Cultural characteristics heavy feeders, need lots of n.
Influences in childrens development and behaviour 704 at this age, the childs life is pronounced by tensions between the childs autonomy and expectations that can or cannot stimulate hisher selfesteem eccles, 1999. It is a distinct family without any close relatives. Cucumbers, melons, squashes, zucchini, gourds, pumpkins, loofahs fruit type pepo 3 carpels parietal placentation. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. The earlier investigations have been summarized by kirkwood 38, davis 26, and singh 60. Unesco eolss sample chapters economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b. Ppt family cucurbitaceae powerpoint presentation free. The family has 110 genera and 850 species out of which 86 species are found in india. Cucurbitaceae is the major family name encompassing. Pdf an overlooked paleotetraploidization in cucurbitaceae. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. In a continuing effort to inform the west on chinese uses. In a continuing effort to inform the west on chinese uses of the cucurbitaceae, we update a 1989 description of cucurbits in china with the inclusion of information from untranslated chinese literature and further field observations. In this scope, family cucurbitaceae is a prominent source of secondary metabolites, mainly.
Cucurbitaceae economic importance and distribution pattern is also discussed here. Ancient and recent medicinal uses of cucurbitaceae family shweta s. Despite family business fbs account for a large percentage of all firms worldwide, estimations of their importance in terms of wealth and employment are scant. The family cucurbitaceae includes a large group of crops like cucumbers, and melon which are medicinally essential. Cucurbitaceae, the gourd family of flowering plants, belonging to the order cucurbitales and containing 98 genera and about 975 species of food and ornamental plants. Considerations to select the target cucurbit crops included economic importance. Many species are cultivated and of economic importance as food plants, including pumpkin, watermelon, cucumber and melon. The cucurbitaceae family commonly known as the gourd family is an excellent example of a plant family with many economically useful species. As sources of vegetables, fruit, and seeds rich in oils and protein, they have the potential of making an even. There are no page or colour charges and a pdf version will be provided for each article. Characteristics and economic importance of cruciferace brassicaceae february 5, 2018 author biology, botany 0 this family is commonly known as mustard family. The family cucurbitaceae ranks among the highest of plant families for number and percentage of species used as human food. Cucurbita latin for gourd is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, cucurbitaceae also known as cucurbits or cucurbi native to the andes and mesoamerica.
The cucurbitaceae is a remarkable plant family, deserving of attention because of its economic, aesthetic, cultural, medicinal, and botanical significance. Species of cucurbitaceae contained within the plant list belong to 126 plant genera. Some of the theories emphasise the importance of the family for the students social development, while the others emphasise the influence of the childs social. The cucurbitaceae consists of nearly 100 genera and over 750 species yamaguchi 1983. Renner and hanno schaefer abstract the cucurbitaceae family contains about species in 96 genera.
And it is only very recently that ecd has taken its place in the economic literature beside schooling, onthejob. Biology and utilization of the cucurbitaceae on jstor. List of plants in the family cucurbitaceae britannica. Family cucurbitaceae, examples and its economic importance. This book provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the genetics and genomics of the agriculturally important cucurbitaceae plant family, which includes crops such as watermelon, melon, cucumber, summer and winter squashes, pumpkins, and gourds. The fruits and seeds of majority of them are lasatives.
Seeds or fruit parts of some cucurbits are reported to possess purgatives, emetics and antihelmintics properties due to the secondary metabolite cucurbitacin content. The cucurbitaceae is one of the three most important families in that country as sources of vegetables. Members of the family are annual or perennial herbs native to temperate and tropical areas and include cucumbers, gourds, melons, squashes, and pumpkins. Petals 48, more or less united, in one whorl or more rarely double the number of sepals in two whorls, united in semifunnel shaped rotate or lenceolate corolla, corolla lobes imbricate or contorted in bud, rarely petals with dorsal appendages which resemble. Because of its economic importance, disputable taxonomic position, and morphological peculiarities, the family cucurbitaceae has attracted the attention of embryologists during the past 150 years. They became the basis for the development of new pharmaceuticals. In the old and new worlds, cucurbits have been associated with human nutrition and culture for more than 12,000 years brothwell and brothwell 1969. The cucurbits cucurbitaceae, or gourd family, which include squash, pumpkin, melon, cucumber, and watermelon, have long been of economic significance.
This family is particularly important economically because its fruits are edible. The lack of a definition of the family in the law stems partly from the fact that the family has no legal status separate from its members. The cucurbitaceae consists of many important food plants such as melon, pumpkin, squash, cucumber. Ebook genetics and genomics of cucurbitaceae as pdf. Ethnobotany and the economic role of the cucurbitaceae of. Citrullus watermelon cucurbita pumpkin, squash, gourd cucumis cucumber, canteloupe, muskmelon medicinal uses members of the cucurbitaceae have been used for a variety of ailments.
The plants of the family are collectively known as cucurbits. The plant list includes 3,801 scientific plant names of species rank for the family cucurbitaceae. It is a family of economically important species, of which the fruits are used for nutritional and medicinal purposes jeffrey, 1990. Origin and domestication of cucurbitaceae crops new phytologist. Lamiaceae labiatae characters, economic importance, pattern in species and reproduction through floral formula and floral diagram in mint family. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. It is a family of about genera and about 800 species. The family cucurbitaceae includes a large group of plants which are medicinally valuable.
The fruit is the main part of the plant that has been used for food and medicinal purposes. The cucurbitaceae is divided into two families on the basis of whether or not the styles are free and seeds winged or not. As the fourth most important economic plant family, cucurbitaceae, consist of 115 proposed genera with 960 spe cies, growing mainly in tropical and subtropical regions. General characters, distribution, important plants. The cucurbitaceae or vine crop family is a distinct family without any close relatives and includes many important vegetables such as cucumber, melon, watermelon, squash, pumpkin and gourds. There are some important economic crops in this family. Main barriers to identify fb s and measurement of their economic activity have been addressed to develop a methodology applied to the spanish case. Family, peer and school influence on childrens social. The cucurbitaceae family possesses economically important species including cucumber, melon, watermelon, calabash, squash, and pumpkin. This family is also known as papilionaceae or fabaceae or commonly known as pea family. Ethnobotany and the economic role of the cucurbitaceae of china. Veen, 2004, and old texts and illustrations document the. Characteristics and economic importance of cruciferace. The cucurbitaceae family is a mediumsized plant family, primarily found in the warmer regions of the world.1215 239 560 437 680 1209 680 932 1498 1421 1495 90 1330 141 475 144 347 217 1131 795 210 480 1050 16 868 313 1259 1223 980 225 561 908 10 328 815 331 820 1232 486 1129 1075 561 543 1234 491 1393